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What is Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)?
Periodontal disease is a serious infection that affects the tissue surrounding the teeth. The word periodontal literally means “around the tooth.” Tissues around the teeth include both the gums and the bone that support the teeth.
Periodontal disease is often referred to as the “Silent Disease”. The danger is that it is typically a painless, progressive disease. Most adults with periodontal disease are unaware they have it until it is in an advanced stage.
75% of all adult tooth loss is a direct result of periodontal infection.
More importantly, recent research has associated gum disease with several serious medical problems, including heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, respiratory disease, and even cancer.
As ongoing research continues to define how periodontal disease is associated with these and other health problems, good oral health is essential. Good periodontal health is a key component of a healthy body.
Diagnosis and Treatment
The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recommends an annual comprehensive periodontal evaluation, or CPE, to assess your periodontal health and identify conditions such as periodontal disease that may need additional treatment.
In 2011, the American Academy of Periodontology published the Comprehensive Periodontal Therapy Statement, which recommends that all adults receive an annual comprehensive evaluation of their periodontal health.
A Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation, or CPE, is a way to assess your periodontal health by examining:
- Your teeth
- Your plaque
- Your gums
- Your bite
- Your bone structure
- Your risk factors
When your dentist or periodontist performs this evaluation, they will look at these six areas to determine the state of your periodontal health.
To help you learn more about the state of your oral health, the Academy has developed a Comprehensive Periodontal Evaluation checklist.
The Mouth-Body Connection
Periodontal disease is no longer thought to be just a dental problem. Periodontal infection is a medical problem. Researchers are finding many correlations between periodontal infection and serious medical problems.
Research has shown that periodontal disease is associated with several other diseases. For a long time it was thought that bacteria was the sole factor that linked periodontal disease to other disease in the body. Recent research demonstrates that it is the inflammation from the bacterial infection that creates an increase in the overall inflammation in a person’s body (systemic inflammation). Therefore, treating periodontal disease and lowering the inflammation it causes may also help with the management of other chronic inflammatory conditions, such as heart disease and stroke, diabetes, osteoporosis, and respiratory disease.
What Our Patients Say
“Dr Blansett has been very good to me. I think he does a really good job and all of the staff are good as well and very nice.“
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“Very pleasant experience at Ozark Dental Implants. Professional and caring staff. Dr Blansett patiently answered all my questions.”